When is shoulder arthroscopy recommended?

When is shoulder arthroscopy recommended?

The shoulder is one of the crucial joints that is used in everyday activities. But there are times when one experiences severe shoulder problems. Immediate medical help is required to treat and cure such problems and the method to heal it depends on its intensity and cause. Shoulder arthroscopy is a surgical way to treat shoulder problems.

Arthroscopy word is derived from the conjunction of two Greek words. These words are “Arthro” (meaning joint) and “skopein” (which means to look). During shoulder arthroscopy, the surgeon inserts an arthroscope into the shoulder joint. An arthroscope is a device constituting of a small camera that can provide an insight into the body on the screen and guide the surgeon in the complete. Let’s discuss more on this surgical method.

When is Arthroscopy suggested for shoulders?

If your shoulder pain does not respond to the non-surgical treatment, then your doctor may recommend you to undergo this surgical process. The shoulder pain can be caused due to overuse, ageing, wear & tear, or any injury. Moreover, there are many shoulder problems that can be treated through this procedure. It includes damage to the labrum, rotator cuff tendons, articular cartilage, and other tissues of the shoulder joint.

Generally, the arthroscopic procedure can be helpful to treat the following problems:

  • Labrum repair
  • Repair of rotator cuff
  • Damaged tissues/lose cartilage removal
  • Recurrent shoulder dislocation repair
  • Bone spurs removal
  • Nerve release
  • Fracture repair
  • Cyst excision


How to decide if you need to go for it or not?

If you are not getting relief in the shoulder pain and after a thorough examination and your orthopedic doctor suspects that this condition can be improved with the help of surgery, then you should think about this treatment procedure. Although it is an elective method, if your body is ready for the surgery and it can be helpful heal the pain, then it will be great to go for it but in the end, it is completely your choice.

How to prepare yourself for it?

The foremost thing is to visit your surgeon and discuss the procedure, time is taken for recovery, and associated complications. This will help you to schedule your days accordingly and be mentally ready. It is advised to inform the surgeon about the medication or supplements that you are presently taking. There may be a chance that your doctor may recommend you to discontinue them for a short period depending on your current situation to prevent further complications. Moreover, a pre-anesthesia check-up will be conducted before surgery to check if the body is healthy enough or not.

Once it is clear that you are fit, then only surgery is scheduled. Also, follow all the instructions that your doctor has given to ensure great results from this arthroscopy. If you are looking for a shoulder specialist in Gurgaon, then you may contact Dr. Reetadyuti Mukhopadhyay. He will try his best to treat your shoulder pain in the most effective manner.

Arthritis & Bursities – a curse for your shoulders

Arthritis & Bursities – a curse for your shoulders

Your shoulder is a complex joint constituting some bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. But there are many reasons that can lead to shoulder pain and later become a hurdle in performing regular activities. Well, initially finding the root cause of the problem is not an easy task and needs proper evaluation and medical help.

The most common reasons for shoulder pain are arthritis and bursitis. Moreover, it is difficult to differentiate between the two due to a lot of similar symptoms. Today we will try to discuss these two in detail so that we can draw a line to distinguish between these two shoulder problems.

Digging info about Shoulder Arthritis

Arthritis is derived from a Greek word- Arthron that means joint and this orthopedic problem is defined as the inflammation or wearing & tearing of cartilage in the joints (one or multiple) of the body. But apart from joints, Arthritis can also affect the muscles, tendons, and ligaments. This shoulder problem can further be divided into 3 different forms. These are:

Osteoarthritis- degeneration of cartilage

It is one of the most chronic joint problems that is caused due to degeneration. Herein, the smooth articular cartilage decays which leads to pain and immobility. If it is left untreated, then the cartilage is completely worn away and this situation progresses to direct rubbing of the bones present in the joint

Post-traumatic arthritis- a problem that usually occurs due to an injury

This type of arthritis occurs when one suffers from an injury due to an accident or sports and it leads to damaged cartilage. A grave blow on the shoulder can also result in this shoulder problem.

Rheumatoid arthritis- an autoimmune ortho-problem

When the immunity of the body attacks the Synovium membrane (the membrane that aligns the joint’s cavities & other components together), then this situation is known as Rheumatoid arthritis. Gradually this damage progresses to adjacent cartilage & bone, worsening the pain and leading to loss of function. Usually, both the shoulders get affected by it.

What are its symptoms?

Pain and limited range of motion are common symptoms, but there are many more symptoms that depend on the type of shoulder Arthritis. The other symptoms are mentioned below:

  • Shoulder pain gradually becomes worse
  • Experiencing tenderness & sensitivity in the shoulders
  • Shoulder stiffness or observing the loss of mobility
  • Swelling or inflammation in the shoulder joint
  • Experiencing weakness in muscles present in the affected shoulder
  • Crunching or popping sensation in the shoulder

Getting to know about  shoulder Subacromial bursitis and impingement in-depth

This shoulder problem happens when the subacromial bursa gets inflamed. It is most likely to be affected by bursitis and is present below the acromion (shoulder blade). And this is the reason the majority of subacromial bursitis patients experience pain starting from the top & outside of the shoulder joint radiating down the arms. Bursitis can occur due to any acute trauma or chronic overuse. Moreover, if it does not get treated on time, then eventually it can affect the other bursae as well leading to a more complicated situation.

Shoulder impingement syndrome is a medical condition in which the rotator cuff tendons are jammed and compressed in the subacromial space.

What are its common symptoms?

  • You may experience pain at the top or outside of the shoulder joint.
  • Pain gets triggered after repetitive movements.
  • Experiencing muscle weakness, redness, or warmth at the affected shoulder joint.
  • You may observe sensitivity & tenderness on the shoulder.

Shoulder bursae do not have to be much swelled up or thicker than the normal for pain. It is a reason that in the majority of cases the swelling is not observed.

Athletes are at a higher risk of developing bursitis, especially tennis players, swimmers, and baseball pitchers. Moreover, wrong training techniques, decreased flexibility, overspecialization in any one activity can also increase the risk of bursitis for an athlete. Also, people who are into a profession that needs them to perform overhead motion repetitively are at a higher risk of developing bursitis.

Arthritis & Bursitis – interrelated conditions intensifying shoulder pain

As we discussed that arthritis affects the bones and cartilage whereas bursitis affects the bursae, tendons, and ligaments. But these two conditions are somewhat connected to each other and together can complicate the condition of the shoulder joint. So don’t neglect your lingering shoulder pain to avoid any medical condition.

In any condition, a proper diagnosis is required from an expert to confirm the exact cause of the shoulder and know the severity of the problem. You can contact Dr. Reetadyuti Mukhopadhyay– an experienced shoulder doctor in Gurgaon for shoulder pain treatment. He will try his best to cure the problem as soon as possible.

Everything about Frozen shoulder

Everything about Frozen shoulder

In today’s scenario, when everyone is working at their desk for 8 to 9 hours, it is quite common to experience stiffness in neck and shoulders. But if you are experiencing it frequently, then it is a red signal for your shoulders’ health. This stiffness can be a sign of Frozen shoulder.

This medical condition gradually affects the joint and intensifies the pain. Moreover, the shoulder capsule (tissues surrounding the shoulder joint) thickens, and it makes the movement of the affected joint a little difficult. Thereafter, the bands are formed of the scar tissues, and this can make the motion more difficult.

What are the signs of this painful shoulder problem?

Primarily, one may experience pain with stiffness in the shoulder, but at the initial stage, the pain is quite dull. The patient may feel pain in the muscles around the top of the arm and sometimes make it hard to sleep as well.

There are 3 phases through which this shoulder problem goes through and hence there are different symptoms which can help in identifying the intensity of the problem.

Phase 1: Freezing stage

  • Gradually your pain and stiffness become worse, especially at night
  • Experiencing extreme pain in the shoulder, whenever you try to move it
  • Limited range of motion
  • This phase lasts for around 6 to 9 months

Phase 2: Frozen stage

  • Moving shoulder becomes harder and it is difficult to perform daily activities
  • The pain becomes more intense
  • This phase may last for 4-12 months

Phase 3 : Thawing stage:

  • This phase is considered more tolerable as one gains range of motion
  • The thickened capsule gradually loosens with time
  • It is less painful and can last for anywhere from 6 months to 2 years.

Causes that can lead or increase the risk of frozen shoulder

Women who are in their 40s or 50s are more prone to develop frozen shoulder and it is observed that many women suffered from this shoulder and it coincided with their hormone replacement therapy, menopause, or perimenopause.

Moreover, if you are abstaining from shoulder movement due to any reason, then you are likely to experience this painful problem. People who are suffering from medical conditions like diabetes, heart disease, thyroid disease, Parkinson’s disease, etc. are at a higher risk of getting affected by this problem.

Is there a treatment to get rid of this painful shoulder problem?

Frozen shoulder can be treated through 2 approaches- surgical and non-surgical. Your shoulder specialist will examine your current condition to suggest you the most effective option. You are recommended to perform some exercises that can help in regaining mobility and strengthen the targeted muscles. The surgical method is rarely used when the condition is severe.

Why should you get professional help soon?

Frozen shoulder is not just related to shoulder pain but can lead to neck and back pain if left untreated as you would change the way to perform day-to-day activities due to stiffness and this will put more strain on your neck muscles. People who are suffering from the frozen shoulder are also prone to get affected by tendonitis or any other type of tendinopathy.

So it is important to seek medical help for frozen shoulder treatment to avoid complications and get rid of the pain. If you are looking for a trusted shoulder specialist in Gurgaon, then can contact Dr. Reetadyuti Mukhopadhyay. Being an experienced specialist in this area, he will try his best to help you.

Tips to Avoid Joint Pains and Stay Active While Working from Home

Tips to Avoid Joint Pains and Stay Active While Working from Home

We all have been trapped inside our houses due to the pandemic. Every other business seems to be getting digital now, and hence you will be having less face time and more screen time. This means you will be eventually ending up doing the work from home. For many of us, this certainly is a boon, as we get to roll out of the beds, sit in our comfy PJs, and lie on our couches with laptops. However, at the same time, this work from home routine is going to affect us negatively in a huge way. From pain in nerves to joint pains; there are going to be a number of things that will affect you. With this blog, we would like to share some important tips that you can follow to deter the joints pain and keep yourself active.

Tip 1: Organize a Desk Setup for long working hours

Before you start your work from home, it is a must that you set up a properly organized desk. Make sure that you create something comfortable for you to sit down and work for at least 7-8 hours. Keep these points in mind:

  • The screen of the computer should be an arm’s length away from you.
  • The back of the knees should be around three fingers width from the chair edge.
  • The top of the computer screen should be at eye level.
  • Place your feet on the floor with your knees being perpendicular to the floor.


Tip 2: Use a Lower Back Support & prevent backache

Take a thin blanket or towel; roll it into a log-shape. Place it horizontally on the chair, behind your lower back to provide support. This will help you sit in a straight position and you will avoid slouching forwards. In this way, you can maintain your sitting posture.

Tip 3: Keep moving once or twice in an Hour & avoid muscular stiffness

Continuously sitting in a single position can lead to severe back pain which is going to affect you for the long term. Therefore, make sure to stand up and walk in the house a few times (for once or twice in an hour). This is also important to activate the joints and muscles.

Tip 4: Do not Work Excessive to prevent over-exertion

It is better that you do not procrastinate the work and complete it on time. You’ll be able to get the proper sleep your body wants by following this method. In countless ways, proper sleep can nourish our body and mind. So, ensure to sleep for at least 7-8 hours a day.

Hope that now you are clear how you can keep yourself motivated and active even while working from home. If you stills have any queries or problems like joint pain, then you can certainly contact Dr. Reetadyuti Mukhopadhyay for help. With the help of his 10 years of experience, he can surely guide you in the best possible way.

What to do with a broken collarbone?

What to do with a broken collarbone?

A broken collarbone is an unfortunate medical problem that usually happens due to injuries in an accident. The collarbone is also (you can say medically) known as the clavicle and it is the bone that is located on the left and right side of the chest, connecting the sternum (breastbone) to the shoulders. So, when the doctor says that you have a fractured clavicle that means are suffering from a broken collarbone. Now let’s dig deeper into this subject to get a clear picture.

Some common causes of broken collarbone that you should know

  • Traumas leading to severe injuries

The future is always uncertain, and so are the unfortunate events. While playing on the field, driving, or doing any physical activity, there is a chance of meeting with an accident. A sudden blow will definitely be physically traumatic for the body. And if these are on your collarbone (do you remember wrestlers giving a hit on the shoulder or collarbones to the opponent), then it may result in a collarbone fracture.

  • Weak bones due to an existing health issue or poor bone health

People who have weak bone structure due to genetic reasons or any health issue (like bone cancer, or osteoporosis) are at a high risk of fractures including clavicle fracture.

How to perform the first aid treatment?

The foremost and the most crucial thing is first aid and hence special attention should be paid to it. In case if the person has encountered with an accident and you are suspicious about the injuries (especially about the collarbone), then you should wait for professional medical help as there may be a possibility of other injuries, and moving the body may worsen the case.

If the situation is such that there is an urgent need to move the body of that person, then try to avoid movements of the neck, back, and collarbone as much as possible.

If the situation is clear that the person is suffering from a broken collarbone, then the following steps should be performed:

-Abstain from moving the arm and apply an ice pack on the broken collarbone for pain relief. -Also, you can use a triangle bandage to wrap around the forearm and tie it around the neck while the elbow is bent.

What to do next?

After the first aid, rush to the doctor for the treatment. For a broken collarbone, you must visit an orthopedic doctor who can recommend you the right test for diagnosis and then treat the fracture in the most effective manner.

What will be the treatment procedure?

After the analysis of your diagnostic reports, the orthopedic doctor may recommend you non-surgical or surgical treatment procedure but it completely depends on the condition. For a minor fracture, sling or splint may be used along with a recommendation of no movement for the affected area.

But some people may need to undergo surgery if the non-surgical method is not effective for them. The following conditions may lead to surgery to treat clavicle fracture:

  • There are multiple fractures in one clavicle
  • Clavicle shortened due to bone-shattering or bone loss
  • Broken collarbone include nerves or vascular composition
  • Fragments of bones fail to heal together
  • The clavicle is fractured through the skin (open fracture)
  • Clavicle fracture that is interfering with the normal joint

So this was our guide on a broken collarbone. But as they say that prevention is better than cure and hence take proper care for your bone health to prevent ortho-problems. For this, you should maintain a healthy lifestyle. Also, using safety equipment while playing sports and wearing a seatbelt while driving can help to reduce the risk of a broken collarbone.

In case you are suffering from any joint or muscle pain frequently, then never neglect and seek medical help as soon as possible. If you are looking for an experienced orthopedic doctor in Gurgaon, then you can book an appointment with Dr. Reetadyuti Mukhopadhyay. He will try to help you as much as possible.


Key Hole Surgery For Shoulder Pain

Key Hole Surgery For Shoulder Pain

Several people suffer from shoulder pain and seek treatment from experts to improve their quality of life. Some may recover with proper rehabilitation whereas some may need some form of surgical intervention. It is advisable to consult a specialist to get your shoulder evaluated before you take a final call for surgery. Most of the causes of shoulder pain can be treated with the help of key hole surgery.

Rotator cuff injury is an important cause of prolonged shoulder pain.

What are the causes of Rotator Cuff Injuries?

The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles which act in sync with each other to provide stability to the shoulder. It also makes the shoulder movements more efficient. The rotator cuff tendons may get injured either due to prolonged wear and tear or from a one time injury.

What are the symptoms of rotator cuff injury?   

Pain is the most common symptom of rotator cuff injury which may also radiate to your arm and neck. It is particularly more intense when you try to raise your arm above head and lie on the affected side. Massive tears may significantly decrease your range of motion.

Rotator Cuff Surgery

Must for early return of function and prevent further deterioration.

Consult a shoulder expert to discuss the options. Repairing the torn rotator cuff by a key hole surgery will allow the torn tendon heal back to the bone preventing further deterioration and giving your shoulder a fair chance of full recovery. Following the repair you would require dedicated rehabilitation exercises to aid your recovery.

If you want to know more about the entire procedure in detail, then you can contact to any experienced orthopaedic surgeon. You can also book your appointment with Dr. Reetadyuti Mukhopadhyay (shoulder specialist in Gurgaon). He can help you with all types of orthopaedic problems.

Your Child’s injuries: treat before its too late!

Your Child’s injuries: treat before its too late!

Children are playful. You can’t stop them from playing. Physical activities or sports help children in staying physically fit and very healthy. But, at times while playing they might get hurt, thus resulting in injuries. Sometimes the injuries are very minor likes cuts and wounds and sometimes they result in knee and shoulder injuries, ligament injuries, and dislocations which could be serious.

Let’s go ahead and read what can be done when kids get injured.

How injuries occur?

When a child falls and gets hurt, parents get worried and think whether the child has injured a joint or fractured a bone. Compared to bones, a child’s ligaments and joints are very strong. If your child’s ankle is twisted then it might lead to a broken bone which is quite common.

So when a child falls, gets up, and starts playing again then everything is normal whereas if he doesn’t get up or is reluctant to use his legs or hand then he or she is hurt. When a child gets a fractured bone, this usually happens. The most common fractures in a child are elbow, ankle joint, or wrist fracture. If you see that your child is in pain and there is swelling you must immediately go and get it checked.

Common injuries or dislocations?

Sometimes there could be just different injuries on knees, shoulder, and ligament injuries. But, in some cases your child’s joint might have got dislocated. Soft tissue injury will have less swelling compared to the dislocation. An X-Ray and MRI can pinpoint injuries in the shoulder. In these cases of minor injuries, sports physical therapy is really helpful for restoring range of motion, stability, and strength. However, after a good treatment, your child can recover in a few days.

Visiting orthopedic surgeon

Regardless of the type of injury, your child had, you should visit a physician who is experienced in handling child injuries.

Visiting experienced sports & orthopedic surgeons will ensure that your child will recover soon and back to normal life. Otherwise, the recovery process can be complicated and can cause long term pain to your child.

For complete healing from these types of traumatic injuries or sports injuries, you can visit Dr. Reetadyuti Mukhopadhyay who is a dedicated sport & orthopedic surgeon. He is an expert to treat any kind of children’s injuries whether it is shoulder instability, RC repair, ligament construction, fracture healing, tendonitis, surgery, etc.

Best & Worst kinds of shoes for your knees

Best & Worst kinds of shoes for your knees

It is surprising to know that the kind of shoes you wear affects your knees and there are both good and bad types of shoes that can either relieve you from pain or amplify it even more.

The shoe size and the type of shoe also affect the knees and the feet because they put pressure on different sections of the leg. Women are familiar with the idea of selecting the wrong size of a shoe and forcing the feet into the footwear. This can be very uncomfortable and cause a lot of pain. The wrong shoe can cause problems in the hips, knees, ankles or feet can exacerbate existing problems.

At a young age, the bones are strong and the tendons and ligaments are also at their best but as a person grows older the bones become weaker and the ligaments start to weaken. This causes excruciating pain in the joints. People with arthritis can face extreme difficulty while trying on new shoes and they should get a perfect fit and style for their feet. There are also medically engineered shoes which engage the pressure points and increase blood flow in the legs.


Here are some of the Best & Worst kinds of shoes for your knees


  • High Heels

High Heels are those heels that are at least 2 inches from the ground and these high heels are extremely bad everyone. These pointed high heels put pressure on the arch and ball of the foot and can wear down joints and it is hard to walk in these things too. There are many different types of heels like stilettos and pumps and these are equally bad for your feet. It was seen that women who regularly wore heels were experiencing regular leg pain and further down the line they can risk arthritis and chronic lower back pain.


  • Boots

Boots are more of a stable and safer option for people with arthritis or with other ankle issues. Boots have arch support and this is good for the feet, people should go for rubber-soled wedge heels or flatter boots rather than going for high heeled ones. Boots are generally tough, offer a good grip, and have great ankle support. Some boots can be too tough and refuse to be flexible and these kinds of boots can be harmful because they restrict the movement of the feet.


  • Flipflops

Flipflops are a great choice of selection because they have a good comfortable sole and are stable. Flipflops are great for people of all ages and these flip flops are especially good for people with knee problems. Flip Flops reduce the pressure on the joint and avoid stress on any parts of the feet. It is said that going barefoot is good to reduce the knee load and after research, it was found that flip flops the same amount of knee load so these are very good for your feet.


  • Athletic Shoes

These athletic shoes are generally good for people with arthritis but there are two different kinds of athletic shoes viz the stability shoes and neutral shoes. The stability shoes are specially engineered to maximize performance and they have the best weight distribution and shock absorption. These athletic shoes can increase the strain on the knees but are great for some people. The neutral shoes have a flatter sole and they too offer great shock absorption and cushioning. These neutral shoes are good for people with arthritis and they can develop a custom size according to their shoe requirements.

Be Fit – Know The Exercises to Ensure Knee Stability

Be Fit – Know The Exercises to Ensure Knee Stability

The knee is one of the most strained joints as it withstands the entire body weight. Moreover, it is the largest and most vulnerable joint. If you observe our daily activities, you will be surprised to know that around 60-70% percent activities require cooperation from knees. Whether it’s about standing, walking, running, climbing stairs, or sitting on a chair at the workplace, you need healthy knees to through the day non-stop.

But unfortunate events are always uncertain. Sometimes due to injury or any medical condition, one may have to suffer from knee instability which turns your life upside down. You may face difficulty in walking, propelling the body forward, and many more activities.

As they say, “prevention is better than cure”. You can prevent knee problems to an extend by focusing on its strength and flexibility. To work on these matters, you can perform a series of exercises that can help to enhance the knee health. Let’s discuss these exercises.

  • Performing squats

This exercise is easy to perform and beneficial for hip and knee muscles. Simply stand on the ground with some space between both the feet. Extend your arms in the front and make sure that you are comfortable and stable in this position. Now bend your knees, just like you are taking a seat. Kindly note that your backbone should remain straight in the seat and your abdominal muscles should not be loosened. Don’t let your knees extend beyond your toes while squatting. There is no need to hold the posture and you should perform around 2-4 sets of 10 squats.

  • Straight Leg raise

This exercise will help in strengthening your quadriceps and muscles present in the front region of the thigh. Simply lie down on a flat surface and bend your knee and place in the front. Now place one leg straight on the ground and now raise it upwards at a comfortable height. Please note that the leg should be straight. Hold the posture for a few seconds and then repeat the same steps with the other leg. Perform this exercise 10 times in 2-3 sets.

  • Hamstring curls

This exercise is easier to perform and needs a chair as a prop. Stand straight and hold the back of the chair. Try to raise your heels and touch the butt, if possible. Now hold the position for 5 seconds. If this becomes easy for you, then you can add some ankle weights. Perform this exercise with the other leg and try it 5-8 times.

  • Calf raises

Stand straight and try to raise heels of both the legs. While performing this exercise, take some support of a wall or the back of the chair. Raise your heels as much as possible and try to stand on toes. Hold this posture for 3-5 seconds. Then come back to the normal state. Now perform this exercise in 2-3 sets of 10-15. When you’re comfortable in performing this exercise, you can try it with a single leg.

  • Stepping up

This exercise can help to strengthen the knee joint and is easy to perform at home as well. Stand in front of the lowest step of the staircase or a step bench. Now place a foot on the step, and while maintaining the pelvis level, bend your knee. Now lower down the other foot to the ground. Now try to touch the ground with your toes and then rise back to normal posture. Switch to other leg and perform this exercise 10-15 times with each leg. Once you are comfortable with this exercise, then you can higher up the step and perform the same exercise.

So these were a few exercises that can help you to be fit and ensure knee stability. If you are looking for an experienced knee specialist in Gurgaon to heal knee pain, then you can book your appointment with Dr. Reetadyuti Mukhopadhyay. He will try his best to regain your knee stability and get rid of the pain. Also remember, the key to maintain joint health is by taking the right diet and performing exercises daily. This tip can be helpful in improving strength and flexibility of bones, joints and muscles.


Injuries: Don’t Let Your Dance Career Suffer

Injuries: Don’t Let Your Dance Career Suffer

Dance is an artistic way to express emotions and to stay fit. But this way of expression demands high energy, stamina, and flexibility of all parts of the body. Before showcasing the dance to the audience, a dancer has to undergo rigorous training and rehearse the choreography for several hours. To show their best on the stage, they exert themselves and sometimes their practice sessions are so long that they are short of energy and their entire body starts complaining and one can feel it in the form of pain.

Performing the same movements for hours with a short gap for restoring energy and strength increases the risk for injuries that can be caused due to overuse. If the performer neglects the early signs of over-exhaustion, there is a high chance that he may face chronic problems that may need medical help. Let’s discuss some of the most common injuries that can affect the performance of the dancer.

  • Ankle sprain- traumatic injury leading to swelling

Ankle sprain are the most common injuries and most probably every dancer has experienced it in his life while practicing or performing. This can restrict the motion of the foot and is caused by the movement that forces the ankle to move to an angle which is out of the scope for the normal range of the ankle joint. This move leads to over-stretching or sometimes tearing of the ligaments present at the ankle. The pain of this injury is acute and one may observe swelling/bruising near the ankle.

Prevention tip: Perform 4-way ankle exercises for strengthening this joint.


  • Achilles Tendonitis causing inflammation at the back of the ankle

In this injury, the Achilles gets inflamed. It is a tendon that is present at the back of the ankle and binds the prime mover so that it can point to the foot. While relevé or moving the foot for pointing it, the Achilles is actively working and these repetitive movements lead to its overuse, especially when proper training or technique is not applied. Initially, one may feel a slight pain and tenderness at the area (just above the heels) and this pain amplifies after jumping, relevé or while performing pointing movements with the foot. It is important to treat this injury as soon as possible to prevent tendon rupture.

Prevention tip: Stretch your Achilles and focus on the strengthening the hip, calf, and quadriceps to lessen load of shock absorption at the ankle

  • Hip Impingement leading to progressive pain while turning in

This injury is common for dancers and the existing medical conditions like a labral tear, stress fracture, arthritis, muscle strain, sacroiliac joint dysfunction, etc. leads to this injury. Due to the imbalance between the amount of external and internal rotations, many dancers have to face this problem. It causes pain with flexion and while performing internal rotation (turning in).

Prevention tip: strengthen your glutes with the right training and foam roll your quadriceps, hip flexors, glutes, and IT band.

  • Jumper’s Knee triggering pain while jumping

It is also known as Patellofemoral pain syndrome. It can be caused due to movements that cause imbalances in the muscles like moving tight hamstrings and calves with weak quadriceps. If the dancer puts repetitive force on the patella by jumping high, then it can be an alarming situation for the performer as he is at a high risk of this injury.

Prevention tip: Work on hip and core strengthening and form roll your quadriceps, glutes, hip flexors, and IT band.

  • Trigger toe causing damage to the muscles

This is also known as Flexor Hallucis Longus Tenosynovitis and is caused due to repetitive movements which involves pointing of the big toe. Due to overuse, the muscle that is active in such movement gets inflamed. This injury leads to the pain on the area that is between the ankle and under the foot (pointing to the big toe). One may sometimes feel like their big toe is stuck.

Prevention tip: Practice relevé right and roll the arch of the foot with a ball (but avoid moving it at the epicentre of pain). Also, one should avoid their pointing their toes forcefully.

So these were a few common injuries that become a hurdle for a performer. But these can be avoided to some extent, if more attention is paid to the movements, and proper time is given to the body for rest. Never neglect these injuries and take medical advice to prevent complications.

If you are looking for an experienced sports injury doctor in Gurgaon, then consult Dr. Reetadyuti Mukhopadhyay. He can help with all types of acute or chronic injuries and can also help in preventing them.